Risk exists objectively in any marine enterprise, since the human presence of a person on the sea is accompanied both by circumstances caused by the irresistible forces of nature and directly by activities in the sphere of trading navigation. Risk management in the logistics supply chain is a complex multidimensional problem addressed in the process of identifying and assessing the risks and taking measures of protection against them.
In logistics, risk refers to the likelihood of an insured event occurring, as well as the possible damage caused by this event. Risk and an insured event can be described by using methods of the reliability theory. In this case, reliability is the probability of operation of the logistics system with failure or with no failure.
In order to identify rational methods and techniques for insurance, it is advisable to construe the logistics system as the process of movement of material resources.