The development of strategies for mitigating negative environmental impacts has been developed for a long period of time and it is actually now also. At the European level, the DIRECTIVE 2014/94/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council has been adopted. This the Directive has been in force since 2014. The main objective of the Directive is to reduce the use of oil and the adverse effects caused by traffic, respectively the transition to alternative fuels. The idea of electric vehicles and theirs advantages is popularized because that. This work will highlight the need for the use of electric vehicles, as well as the development of strategies for their use. Many of the leading European and world countries already have a great deal of successful practice in sustainable development and can boast of positive results. These countries emphasize the need of using natural resources and transforming them into energy that can be used, while minimizing negative effects. Also, various innovations that influence the improvement of the quality of life and the possibilities of using electric vehicles are being developed and projected. How and to what extent electric cars and the use of alternative fuel can contribute to a better and cleaner environment has not yet been established, but it is certain that they can have a positive effect on the future.