IT security awareness among SMEs

  • 1 University of Pannonia, Hungary


Small and medium-sized enterprises in the European Union are also vulnerable to ransomware attacks. There is currently no clear indicator of this proportion. The rate of ransomware attacks depends on a number of factors, such as the cybersecurity situation in a given country, the size and sector of SMEs, IT security measures and IT security awareness.
Based on our own study, the most important thing is to encourage SMEs to improve IT security, to develop policies and disaster recovery plans that define IT security measures, and to train employees, i.e. training and security awareness are key issues in detecting and avoiding various attacks. Our targeted survey of SMEs on this topic shows that in the current changing environment, SMEs need much more training and support, regardless of their specialism or sector of operation. They need meaningful and actionable training and support that will enable them to develop IT security strategies that are best suited to their business volumes..



  1. N. Omrani, N. Rejeb, A. Maalaoui, M. Dabić and S. Kraus, "Drivers of Digital Transformation in SMEs," in IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, doi: 10.1109/TEM.2022.3215727.M. Ben Rabha, M.F. Boujmil, M. Saadoun, B. Bessaïs, Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. (to be published)
  2. Tamvada, J. P., Narula, S., Audretsch, D., Puppala, H., & Kumar, A. (2022). “Adopting new technology is a distant dream? The risks of implementing Industry 4.0 in emerging economy SMEs.” Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 185, 122088.F. De Lillo, F. Cecconi, G. Lacorata, A. Vulpiani, EPL, 84 (2008)
  3. Shekhar Pawar, Dr. Hemant Palivela, LCCI: A framework for least cybersecurity controls to be implemented for small and medium enterprises (SMEs), International Journal of Information Management Data Insights, Volume 2, Issue 1, (2022), 100080, ISSN 2667-0968,
  4. Zamani, S. Z. (2022). Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) facing an evolving technological era: a systematic literature review on the adoption of technologies in SMEs. European Journal of Innovation Management, 25(6), 735-757.
  5. Zhang, X., Xu, Y., & Ma, L. (2022). Research on successful factors and influencing mechanism of the digital transformation in SMEs. Sustainability, 14(5), 2549.
  6. Wided, R. (2023). IT Capabilities, Strategic Flexibility and Organizational Resilience in SMEs Post-COVID-19: A Mediating and Moderating Role of Big Data Analytics Capabilities. Global Journal of Flexible Systems Management, 24(1), 123-142.
  7. European Union Agency For Cybersecurity, European SMEs facing increased cyber threats in changing digital landscape, (2020) – online
  8. Nate Lord, “Don’t Get Hooked: How to Recognize and Avoid Phishing Attacks (Infographic)”, Digital Guardian (2023), – online
  9. Digital Overwiev – (2023), utm_campaign=Digital_2023&utm_content=Digital_2023_Local_C ountry_Promo -online

Article full text

Download PDF