Atmospheric Observation and Radio Signal Measurements over the Black Sea Region for Assessment of Tropospheric Radio Propagation and Potential Radio Interferences

  • 1 Technical University Varna, Bulgaria


Due to various interferences arising from the tropospheric propagation of radio waves over big water basins, it is necessary to study in detail the mechanisms of propagation and to improve the existing models for determining propagation factor or path loss profiles at different frequencies, especially in UHF bands, caused by the growing interest of mobile communications and especially 5G technologies. To get enough information about radio wave propagation over the Black sea area, the state of atmosphere above points of interest is studied in detail and the results are compared with real measured radio signals distributed between those points. The results are compared with basic theoretical computed models. The results showed more than 10 dB and from 6 to10 dB difference respectively for VHF and UHF between measurement and computed with Three way path loss model EMF levels for the favorable cases which might be due to additional ray in the receiver. A clear relationship between received EMF levels and wind speed but in combination with different abnormal tropospheric environments and relationship between absolute value of modified refractivity and the levels of received signals for the surveyed regions



  1. Recommendation ITU-R P.453-14(08/2019) The radio refractive index: its formula and refractivity data;
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  3. N. Grozev, "Radiowave Propagation over Black Sea – Measurements Survey", IEEE International Conference on Biomedical Innovations and Applications (BIA), 2019;
  4. J. Wang, T. Q. Quek, H. Zhou and Y. Li, "Wireless Channel Models for Maritime Communications," IEEE Access, p. 1, 2018.

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