The importance of the Black Sea for modern Georgia is invaluable. It represents one of the important natural formations for the common geographical location of the country, resource potential, the main artery of recreational zone and foreign relations. Therefore, the security, economic welfare and future in general depend on effective use of economic potential of the Black Sea and its ecological condition.
The article deals with the ecological condition of the main problems of the Black Sea. Special attention is paid to international transport and energy projects. It is proved that the projects that have been implemented and planned the "Blue Stream" and "South Stream" (so called "Turkish Stream") represent potential threats to the Black Sea in terms of environmental deterioration. Modest conclusions are made in the article concerning the joint efforts of the Black Sea countries directed to support transport and energy projects, realization of which will impact ecological condition of the Black Sea. In the opinion of the authors, the "Nabucco" project represents the very transport- energetic project.