The oil products remain the main contaminant of the Black Sea, as well as of the entire world’s oceans. A main amount of oil is transported by tankers and reloaded in port terminals. 12 per cent of overall marine pollution is the share of transportation, oil congestion and accidents losses. At the Caspian-Black Sea-Mediterranean area there are actively used the Black Sea ports of Batumi, Poti and Kulevi.
A huge damage to the nature is doing by oil spills on the surface of the oceans and seas owing to transportation oil by tankers. These spills are associated with loading and unloading operations as well as with tankers accidents. In this case, the oil spreads as a spot on the surface of the sea.
Problems associated with environmental pollution from the oil spill in the sea, made necessity to develop mathematical models that describe the transportation and transformation processes of oil spills. The proposed mathematical model can be used for prediction of the spread of an oil spill during the process of spreading of oil products on the water surface, and it also enables to take into account the reduction of the area of spill due to the action of sea-surface winds and turbulence of the water surface.