Complex study of the bioaerosol composition of the atmosphere over urban areas based on lidar monitoring during the quarantine COVID-19

  • 1 Faculty of Biology, Sofia University “St. Kl. Ohridski”, Bulgaria
  • 2 Institute of Electronics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria
  • 3 Institute of Catalysis, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria


A comprehensive study of the air condition in urban areas was conducted, based on lidar monitoring. The subject of monitoring are two districts of Sofia the capital of the R.Bulgaria. The time period of the study is May-June 2020 and coincides with the introduced quarantine period in connection with the COVID-19 pandemic. The study includes lidar monitoring of the selected urban areas taking into account the mass concentration of particulate matter (PM). The method is combined with in situ sampling taking into account also the size control in μm – PM2.5 and PM10. The data are compared with those from the indications for the period of the licensed laboratories of the Ministry of Environment and Water and the Civil Network. A physicochemical study of the phase composition, structure and dispersion of the collected PM was performed by the methods of powder X-ray diffraction and Mössbauer spectroscopy. Predominant pollen and spore contamination was reported using Cascad Impactor measurements. Most part, the PMs studied show a conglomerate of several particles.



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