Energy consumption and emissions of agricultural machinery for different arable land types

  • 1 Energy Institute Hrvoje Požar, Zagreb, Croatia
  • 2 University of Zagreb, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, Zagreb, Croatia


In this research, a survey was conducted in the Republic of Croatia in order to determine energy consumption in agriculture. The survey included collecting data on agricultural machinery based on machine type, fuel used, type of business and arable land type. There were more than 9,000 participants in the survey, of which more than 6,000 family farms. Results are shown on a national level for four land types: arable land, meadows and pastures, olive plantations and vineyards, as well as for three groups of participants: enterprises, family farms, and eco-producers. The last was found to have the lowest energy consumption and emissions on most land types, except on arable land, where all three groups have similar results. Vineyards had the highest emissions per hectare, while meadows and pastures had the lowest.



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