Predictive maintenance of machines, also known as Condition Based Maintenance, is based on monitoring operating parameters, and comparison with corresponding values of parameters obtained for the new equipment. All machines with moving parts give rise to sound and vibration and each machine has a specific vibration signature related to the construction and the state of the machine. If the state of the machine changes the vibration signature will also change and a change in the vibration signature can be used to detect incipient defects before they become critical. The condition monitoring technique is based on detecting the presence of a fault, diagnosing the root cause of the fault, assessing its level of severity and making arrangements for its correction. A broad of condition monitoring and fault diagnosis techniques has been carried out for improving the accuracy and ability of condition monitoring and prognosis systems for bearing and gear components.
This paper introduces the method for diagnostic of the rear drive axle for the passenger cars without its demounting. The objective method of diagnosing the rear drive axle is done by vibrometer. Application of diagnostic method greatly would be contributed in quickly localization of the rear drive axle fault where diagnostic process of the servicer will done faster.