TECHNOLOGICAL BASIS OF “INDUSTRY 4.0”
A generalization of approaches to creating a digital passport supporting the stages of the electronic product life cycle and the features of the formation of design decisions based on it
The paper substantiates the need to generalize approaches to creating a digital passport supporting the stages of the life cycle of an electronic product. For this, the results of the analysis of design and production procedures and product data at the stages of the life cycle are presented, on the basis of which the components of a digital passport are formulated as pairs of values “information object – design and production procedure”. Information objects are determined by PDM, ERP, MES, QMS systems and electronic document management systems. The list of design and production procedures is determined by the automated processes of a particular enterprise, which determines the variability of the digital passport. Also, the work substantiates the need for the formation of design decisions and the features of the formation of design decisions based on them are shown. The formation of design decisions is associated with the corresponding tasks formulated in the form of linguistic variables, which allowed to develop the generation of design solutions, according to which their desired version contains the associated components of a digital passport that fall inside the area specified by the values of the linguistic variable. The results obtained can be used in order to create signatures and semantics of applied unified services for a digital passport in the instrument-making industry, used in the development, delivery and maintenance of electronic products.