Kinetics and phase transformations during decomposition of the supersaturated Mg solid solution in the Mg-Dy-Sm alloys at different Dy/Sm content ratios were investigated in this work. The solid solution decomposition occurs upon aging at a temperature of 200°C, at which strengthening of the alloys was expected to be highest. With increasing Dy/Sm ratio, the solid solution decomposition gradually decelerates. Addition of Dy to the Mg-Sm alloys intnsifies the age hardening, and the addition of Sm to the Mg-Dy alloys also promotes the hardening. The Mg solid solution decomposition in the ternary Mg-Dy-Sm alloys is accompanied by the formation of the GPzones, ordering, and the precipitation of plate-like particles in certain planes of the Mg crystal lattice. Such processes are typical of solid solution decomposition in the binary Mg-Re (Nd, Sm, Y, Gd, Tb, Dy) alloys.
Keyword: solid solution decomposition
The reversion in magnesium binary alloys with rare-earth metals (Nd, Sm, Y, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho) at a temperature of 300ºC has been studied. The phenomenon of the reverse dissolution of rare-earth metals in solid magnesium has been established to begin in all alloys under study already after short-term annealing at 300°C for 15 min. As the annealing time at 300°C further increases, the reverse dissolution of rare-earth metals in solid magnesium first continues and then the magnesium solid solution becomes again depleted of rareearth metals because of their precipitation. The degree of reversion has been found to generally increase with an increase in the atomic
number of the yttrium-group rare-earth metal in accordance with its position in the lanthanum row: Gd, Tb, Dy, and Ho. The degree of reversion in the alloys with cerium-group metals (Nd, Sm) with atomic numbers below those of Gd, Tb, Dy, and Ho is substantially smaller than that is in the alloys with yttrium-group metals.
EFFECT OF RARE-EARTH METALS (Dy, Tb, Sm, Nd) ON STRUCTURE AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF THE Mg-Y-Gd-Zr SYSTEM ALLOYS
Kinetics of ageing, structure and the strength characteristics of the Mg-Y-Gd-Zr system alloys of compositions near to that of the IMV7-1(~5%Y, ~5%Gd, ~0.5%Zr, remainder Mg) alloy were studied. It was established, that alloying of the Mg-Y-Gd-Zr alloys with Dy, Tb, Sm, Nd results in strengthening of them at room and elevated temperatures both in homogenized and in aged states. Meanwhile, after addition of samarium or neodymium the ageing time needed for substantial strengthening becomes shorter, after addition of terbium it did not change actually and after addition of dysprosium it became longer. Therefore, the strengthening ageing for the Mg-Y-Gd-Zr alloys after addition of Nd, Sm or Dy requires certain corrections.
EFFECT OF HOT PLASTIC DEFORMATION ON DECOMPOSITION OF MAGNESIUM SOLID SOLUTION CONTAINING RARE-EARTH METALS
In the work effect of the rare-earth metals (REM) on structure of the decomposed Mg supersaturated solid solution after hot deformation was investigated. Investigation indicated Mg solid solution decomposition during hot deformation with precipitation of the RErich particles preferably on the Mg grain boundaries and boundaries between originated blocks. Precipitations on the grain and block boundaries prevent recovery, recrystallization, the grain growth, and increase plasticity of alloys.
NONEQUILIBRIUM PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS DURING SOLID SOLUTION DECOMPOSITION IN MAGNESIUM ALLOYS CONTAINING THE RARE-EARTH METALS OF DIFFERENT SUBGROUPS
The nonequilibrium phase transformation during decomposition of Mg supersaturated solid solutions, containing two rare-earth metals of the different subgroups (cerium and yttrium) are presented and generalized. These processes in the alloys of ternary systems differ from those in the alloys of the adjoining binary systems. They reveal also the similar features in kinetics and the nonequilibrium phase formed during solid solution decomposition