Investigation and analysis of electrochemical machining of 321-Stainless Steel based on response surface methodology

  • 1 Department of Mechanical Engineering – University of Shahreza, Isfahan, Iran
  • 2 Faculty of Mechanical Engineering – University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran


Electrochemical machining (ECM) is prevalent and competitive manufacturing process which uses for machining of hard and tough materials in high tech industries. Hence, experimental investigations on ECM of different materials play essential role to effectively utilize this process. This paper demonstrates a systematic approach for achieving comprehensive mathematical models in order to investigate the effect of machining parameters on the process responses of 321-Stainless-Steel and analysis of machining performance based on the response surface methodology (RSM). Machining voltage, tool feed rate, electrolyte flow rate and concentration of NaNO3 solution were considered as the machining parameters while material removal rate (MRR) and surface roughness (Ra) were considered as the process responses. Experimental plan was performed by a central composite design (CCD), and the proposed mathematical models statistically have been evaluated by analysis of variance (ANOVA). Analysis shows that the RSM method has been appointed properly as the design of experiments (DOE) method for resolving curvature in ECM process responses. Also, the results show that the machining performance is greatly influenced by machining parameters. Especially the voltage and electrolyte concentration are the most important parameters.



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