MATHEMATICAL MODELLING OF TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES AND SYSTEMS
Generalized mathematical model of the transfer processes in the enclosing structures of buildings, constructions, thermal and engineering networks
- ^{1} Kazan State Power Engineering University, Russia
Abstract
The problems of heat and moisture transfer, air permeability in single and enclosure constructions (EC) of buildings, facilities and heat, engineering and electrical networks under the influence of environmental factors and the work of heating, ventilation and air conditioning has been analyzed. A general definition of the problem taking into account the transfer processes of internal voluminous or local heat source (drainage) has been considered. A generalized mathematical model (MM) of unsteady heat and mass transfer process for bodies of different canonical form (half-plate, hollow cylinder and sphere) and their analogues has been developed. In particular cases of the mathematical model, the dependence of the physical characteristics of the (solid isotropic) medium, the boundary conditions parameters, the capacity of the mass substance transfer sources (drains) from the transfer potentials (temperature, moisture content) or the space-time continuum has been taken into consideration. The analytical solution of the generalized non-stationary and stationary heat and mass transfer problem under the general boundary conditions of different (first, second, third and mixed) kind on the outline of the researched area has been scrutinized. For constant system parameters of non-stationary transfer processes an algorithm for solving differential transfer equations using Fourier transformation with variable parameters of different kind of boundary conditions has been shown. For large-scale transitions, practical applications, parametric analysis of the solutions obtained, setting optimization and automation tasks for process control systems, the obtained MM, analytical and approximate solutions of direct transfer short circuits are given a criterion form convenient for these purposes.
Keywords
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