This work was carried out studies on the effect of different ways of modifying the microstructure and mechanical properties of cast ductile irons identical to the final chemical composition. For comparative studies have chosen three ways of modifying the molten iron, characterized the time interval between the introduction of additives into the melt and crystallization of iron – autoclave method, processing method in an open ladle ( "Sandwich process") and a method of in-mold melt processing ("Inmold-process").
It is found that the process mold inoculation molten iron a more effective compared to other methods studied, by reducing the time interval between entering modifier in liquid iron and the onset of crystallization. This in turn enables the production of castings of several grades of ductile iron in the total process stream without additional alloying and heat treatment.
Results of research testify in favor of the fluctuation hypothesis about straight line graphitization of cast iron during primary crystallization.