Utilization of waste chromium electrolyte by addition of Al2O3 nanoparticles to obtain thin chromium coatings

  • 1 Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Metal Science, Equipment and Technologies with Hydro- and Aerodynamics Centre “Acad. A. Balevski”, Sofia, Bulgaria


Chromium coatings were obtained from spent (waste) chromium electrolyte with the addition of nanosized aluminum oxide. The recovery of the waste chromium electrolyte is carried out by the activation of the chromium ions using the addition of Al2O3 nanoparticles. Electrochemically thin chromium films were deposited directly on S235 steel. The recovered chromium electrolyte has a concentration of nanoparticles of Al2O3 up to 10 g/l, which particles act as intensifiers of the electrochemical process. Analysis was performed with a “Polyvar Met” metallographic microscope and a Bruker D8 Advance powder X-ray diffractometer (XRD). The microstructure of the layer and the matrix were examined and the main phases were determined. SEM-EDS analysis of the chromium layer and the steel matrix was performed. The thickness of the obtained chrome coating with aluminum oxide nanoparticles was determined, which varies between 5 – 10μm.



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