• CONFORMAL COOLING CHANNELS IN INJECTION MOLDING TOOLS – DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS

    Machines. Technologies. Materials., Vol. 12 (2018), Issue 11, pg(s) 445-448

    This scientific paper presents the research conducted for defining the characteristics of the conformal cooling systems used in molds for injection molding processes (IMP). By utilizing laser-sintering additive manufacturing (AM) technologies, this type of cooling systems could be used to minimize the cooling and cycle times in the IMP’s and provide a homogeneous cooling necessary to maintain a consistent quality of the part. The paper also presents an overview of the AM technologies used in manufacturing conformal cooling molds and the main guidelines for designing these cooling systems.
    The research shows that the efficiency of these channels is based on the channel system’s design; and for plastic parts with a lower complexity the improved temperature distribution compared to conventional cooling systems could be negligent.
    The research is conducted by using Finite Element Analysis (FEA) and CAD modeling to compare different conformal shapes, as well as their cooling efficiency on a plastic part. The simulation studies are done to determine the temperature distribution in each case study. These trials are done to assess the productivity benefits that arise from the use of conformal cooling channels compared to conventional channels that utilize baffles and bubblers.

  • DOMINANT TECHNOLOGIES IN “INDUSTRY 4.0”

    MOLD DESIGN AND PRODUCTION BY USING ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING (AM) – PRESENT STATUS AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 3 (2018), Issue 2, pg(s) 82-85

    This paper covers the advanced Additive Manufacturing (AM) techniques applied to injection mold design and production. Its aim is to do a comprehensive analysis on what AM is doing for the recent and future perspectives in the field of mold’s production.

    Further analyses are done on the possible use of Rapid Tooling (RT) techniques based on AM technologies. These include plastic mold inserts made using high strength polymer resins and metal-based technologies for direct tooling work.

    Moreover, the work also reviews conformal cooling channel design based on laser sintering AM technologies and its effect in improving mold cooling efficiency to reduce cycle times, which is an important issue in the injection molding process.

    Finally, a brief techno-economical analysis is presented, as well as a comparison between the two different types of molds – the conventional ones, and molds produced by rapid tooling. The conclusions leads toward future usage of RT and AM in the mold design and
    production.