The process of augmenting intelligence in Human Robot Interaction has a complex character and can’t be pre-programmed explicitly. Nowadays, teaching robots is a well established concept ranging from demonstration by variants of teleoperation to imitation by external observations. We illustrate an innovative approach for learning intelligence and gestures by imitations of robots by brain augmentation captured by Emotiv brain-listening headset and human poses tracked by Microsoft Kinect motion-sensing device. Thus, robots learn continuously by observations from human brain activities and motions and really become personal. By innovative algorithms, robot operations that satisfy the current physical, cognitive, emotional and social intelligence over time are calculated and transmitted to robot sensors, modules and controllers. The concept of added brain intelligence will also evolve into technology to increase brain capacity and will shape our experience and skills in the future. Summarizing, the paper proposes a new concept for human-robot personal communication by augmenting bio intelligence to robot and vice versa – machine intelligence to human.
Vol. 2 (2017), Issue 5
Table of Contents
DOMINANT TECHNOLOGIES IN “INDUSTRY 4.0”
The future of industry contains many challenges. Necessity is to increase the degree of digitization and achieve a new level of productivity. The rise emergence of modern production lines operating in accordance with the concept of Industry 4.0 foresees the creation and implementation of new technologies and the emergence of autonomous production units capable of independent existence within the manufacturing process. They must closely communicate with other elements and cooperate with all the elements in the production process. In this article we describe architecture of theoretical cyber-physical system and give components and technologies necessary to implement a modern enterprise designed according to Industry 4.0 standards.
The increasing integration of technology and everyday life creates a new set of challenges in multiple fields. The fully connected world, in which virtual and physical layers interact seamlessly is a goal envisioned and pursued by many, yet there are some major obstacles in the way of achieving it. One of the fundamental differences between previous systems and the envisioned solution, from information technology point of view, is the diffusion of the roles of service providers and consumers. Traditional solutions, with fixed roles and abstracted physical layers can be too rigid to address the arising challenges. In order for these systems to work, they have to be vastly more scalable and account the physical layer too in the system architecture. In this paper, we investigate and show some examples and notable works on a possible solution to these problems, the field of participatory systems. In a participatory system, the roles of client and service providers are diffused, clients are working together as an integral part of the system, pooling their resources and providing services among themselves.
The paper explores the possibility of detection of moving target on the base of their sound shadow (sound blocking) when the target cross the baseline in the Acoustic Forward Scatter Radar System (AFSRS). Experimental sound shadows have been obtained from moving cars. The algorithm under investigation can be applied to create a network of sound barriers.
The paper is focused on using computed tomography in forensic research and the performance of computed microtomograph Skyscan 1272. Computed tomography due to its non-destructive analysis of the internal structure of materials can be applied in many fields. This method also provides information on the distribution of fillers, pores, fibers and defects in the tested sample and their 3D visualization using specialized software. Computed microtomograph Skyscan 1272 can be successfully used in forensic investigation of an attacked seals. For example, during unauthorized consumption of energy and water supply, in the tempering with security seals and a consequent theft, in logistics, in the transport of cargo and money, in the counterfeit goods (trademark protection, seals, stamps) etc. Computed tomography is able to verify and detect unauthorized tempering with the security seal, stamps and envelopes.
ANALYSIS OF OPERATING MODES AND ENERGY EFFICIENT PRACTICES DURING THE OPERATION OF INDUSTRIAL INDUCTION FURNACES WITH NETWORK AND MIDDLE FREQUENCYpg(s) 220-223
Among the main problems of the induction furnaces are the clearly manifested worsened power factor during operation, the asymmetry, the deflection and the variance of the supply voltage in their power supply. Induction furnaces in all their operating modes are a non-linear load with significant and varying consumption of active and reactive energy. Compensation devices are set for the heaviest mode of operation – metal melting. There remains a question of the limits of the low inherent power factor for individual regimes, the size of the penalties for this on an annual basis, and the potential energy saving measures taking into account the possibilities of waste heat utilization. In this connection, the task of implementation of modern optimal management according to predefined criteria is current.
Mathematics is a technological necessity for manufacturing but casting in micro-foundry. The need to describe the first-order phase transition process is based on physical experiments with this transition based on theoretical and mathematical physics. The natural basis of any science is the use of mathematics, which is a basic motivation for its self-development.
The paper describes part of the results of the first year of the IAEA Coordinated Research Project F23032, Contract № 20567 on “Studying Side-Effects of Gamma Irradiation Treatment for Disinfestation of Cultural Heritage Artefacts”. Calf leather, calf suede and pig skin patterns were selected and analyzed by Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and Thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) before and after the gamma-irradiation treatment with 5 kGy, 10 kGy and 15 kGy absorbed doses at low dose rate. The irradiation of the leather materials was performed in the gamma-irradiation facility BULGAMMA based on JS-850 60Co type gamma irradiator at Sopharma JSC. No significant changes in the leather morphology and thermal decomposition were observed as a result of the gamma-irradiation treatment. Conclusions on the applicability of gamma-irradiation treatment for preservation of leather items with insecticide and fungicide doses were done.
BUSINESS & “INDUSTRY 4.0”
At present, there is an increasing emphasis on planning production and assembly systems. In the planning phase, it is important to eliminate as much as possible, ideally all deficiencies and errors of the intended system. Simulation software helps to find shortcomings in production or assembly systems. Using simulation, we can analyze individual parts of production systems in a virtual environment before they are implemented. This all leads to cost savings in the implementation of production systems. The article deals with simulation of production systems and their planning. The case study will illustrate the simulation process in choosing the right manufacturing system.
The main issues are considered in this topic: choice of corrective actions; monitoring of values of key indicators and corrective actions; assessment with use of a simulation modeling of an expectation of values of key indicators and the operating influences during the specified periods; determination by means of simulation modeling of change of sizes of corrective actions for transition from "crisis" by the "successful" periods of work of the entity.
Startup is a newly established enterprise, or an enterprise at the foundation stage, which is focused on monetizing an idea. According to the European Association of Business Angels there are launched about 50 million new projects every year (137,000 per day), but 90% of them fail. In the paper we analysed 51 startups, which had a minimum viable product and also some investment, but failed. The main aim of the research was to identify the factors leading to the failure of startups. The result has been to create an overview of the mistakes that young entrepreneurs commit at the early beginning.