For the purposes of testing tribological characteristics of the stainless steel X20Cr13 designed for the parts of process industry plants for the production of sunflower oil, test samples were made and heat treatment by improving on different hardnesses was performed. Final machine processing of the samples was performed out by grinding and polishing. This way, the different characteristics of the surface layer and the different surface topography were achieved. The paper presents the results of the impact of the hardness on characteristics of the stainless steel X20Cr13. By examining the resistance to the adhesion wear it was concluded that the higher wear was on the test samples which have been in the raw condition and who were also loaded by higher forces. Therefore, the quality of the surface wear greatly affects the surface roughness and the coefficient of friction.