Industry 4.0’s opportunities and challenges for production engineering and managemnet

  • 1 Faculty of Management, Technical University of Sofia, Bulgaria


Today Industrial Enterprises are facing the challenge of the 4th Industrial Revolution. Steam Power, Henry Ford’s Assembly Line, and Proliferation of Coal-based energy etc. – each of these developments in the evolution of manufacturing fundamentally changed the way products were manufactured and the way manufacturers moved products from factory to the customers. The present paper discusses the term “Industry 4.0” and its main characteristics, as well. Furthermore, a theoretical framework for evaluation the key technologies and concepts with respect to their impact on the production engineering and management. Also this paper discusses and some given arguments why manufacturers need to make changes in their traditional view of the functioning of the production system in term of “Industry 4.0”.



  1. Hermann M, Pentek T, Otto B., (2015), Design principles for Industrie 4.0 scenarios: a literature review,
  2. Kagermann H, Lukas W, Wahlster W, (2011). Industrie 4.0 – Mitdem Internet er Dinge auf dem Wegzur 4. Industriellen Revolution, VDI Nachrichte,
  3. Kagermann H, Wahlster W, Helbig J., (2013). Securing the future of German manufacturing industry: recommendations for implementing the strategicinitiative INDUSTRIE 4.0. Final report of the Industrie 4.0 working group. Berlin: Forschungsunionim Stifterverbandfürdie Deutsche Wirtschafte;
  4. Kagermann H, Helbig J., (2013), Recommendations for implementing the strategic initiative INDUSTRIE 4.0,
  5. Lasi, H., Fettke, P., Kemper, H.G., Feld, T., & Hoffmann, M. (2014). Industry 4.0. Business & InformationSystems Engineering, 6(4), 239.
  6. Perez, C. (2010). Technological revolutions and technoeconomic paradigms. Cambridge journal of economics (1), pp. 185 - 202.
  7. Posada, J., Toro, C., Barandiaran, I., Oyarzun, D., Stricker, D., De Amicis, R. et al. (2015). Visual computing as a key enabling technology for industrie 4.0 and industrial internet. Computer Graphics and Applications, IEEE, 35(2), 26-40.
  8. Valdez, A. C., Brauner, P., Schaar, A. K., Holzinger, A., & Zieflea, M. (2015). Reducing Complexity with simplicityUsability Methods for Industry 4.0. Proceedings 19th Triennial Congress of the IEA. Melbourne, Australia, RWTH Publications, Germany. 9-14.
  9. Schlaefer, Ralf, Markus Koch and Philipp Merkofer (2014), Industry 4.0. Challenges and solutions for the digital transformation and use of exponential technologies.
  10. Strandhagen, Jo Wessel, Erlend Alfnes, Jan Ola Strandhagen, Natalia Swahn, (2016), Importance of Production Environments When Applying Industry 4.0 to Production Logistics – A Multiple Case Study.
  11. The Industrial Internet Consortium, (2014). A global nonprofit partnership of industry, government and academia,

Article full text

Download PDF