Influence of the filler material on the mechanical characteristics of structural steel GMAW and MCAW welded joints

  • 1 University „Ss. Cyril and Methodius“, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia


The main objective of this paper is to get an accurate result of the mechanical characteristics of welded joints of structural steel performed with two different types of filler material, wire, which are characterized by: simple welding technology, low structural changes of the basic materials, as well as lower cost of welds. The whole research is conducted in accordance with European standards for welding. Research has been conducted on two standard plates made of constructive steel S355J2 + N Z15, with a thickness of 15mm, according to standard EN ISO 15614-1. Both plates are welded with solid wire and metal cored wire under the protection of a gas mixture based on argon, and the whole process is supported by standard documentation. Destructive tests have been performed to determine the welded joints’ quality and influence of different filler materials, such as tensile test, impact test, and hardness test in the weld and heat-affected zone. The experimental results confirm that the gas metal arc welding of structural steel in the protection of inert gas with solid and metal cored wire is a procedure that ensures the quality and safety of welded joints and retention properties of the base material after the welding process.



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