Analysis of mechanical properties and microstructure of Ti-Al-C composites after spark plasma sintering

  • 1 Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Design – Kaunas University of Technology, Lithuania
  • 2 Institute of Pulse Processes and Technologies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine – Mykolaiv, Ukraine
  • 3 COMTES FHT, Dobřany, Czechia


Titanium rich alloys of Ti-Al-C and Ti-Al-B system was synthesised by Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) and Field Activated Pressure Assisted Sintering (FAPAS) methods with altering sintering temperatures in the range of 950°C-1020°C with different current for the duration of 5 minutes. The initial powders of the composite 85%Ti and 15%Al was processed by High Velocity Energy Distribution (HVED) in a solution of kerosene at the specific energy of 25MJ/kg to reduce the size of the particles to nano-scale. This method of using different parameters of production technology have helped to analyse the most efficient, energy saving, and less waste generation technological process with improved mechanical properties. The metal-based samples were examined by optical and electron microscopy. Mechanical properties of composites were determined by measuring microhardness.
The aim of the investigation was to determine the dependence between parameters of production technology and properties of Ti-AlC composites.



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