TECHNOLOGICAL BASIS OF “INDUSTRY 4.0”
Cognitive styles affecting the performance of research and development (R&D) employees in the era of Industry 4.0
- 1 Faculty of Mechanical Engineering - Akdeniz University, Turkey
- 2 Faculty of Social Policy and Labor Relations- Akdeniz University, Turkey
Cognitive style is how people think, based on certain attitudes, perceptions and personality orientations. Cognitive styles are considered as basic elements for successful performance. Cognitive style is thought to predict performance in two ways: by allowing employees to quickly learn job-related knowledge and by processing information resulting in better decision making. But cognitive styles have received much less attention than they deserve, given their importance to employee’s functioning. The relationship between cognitive style and performance is not completely understood in scientific research. In this context, the thinking styles and performances of people working in Research and Development (R & D) departments such as other work places are determined by these cognitive styles, and it is important to research this in the era of Industry 4.0.
- Kravčík M., Ullrich C. and Igel C., Towards Industry 4.0: Leveraging The Internet Of Things For Workplace Learning And Training, Educational Technology Lab, DFKI Gmbh, Berlin, Germany.
- Erdil G. E. (2016). Cognitive Style Congruence between Managers And Their Employees: Leader-Member Exchange And Communication Satisfaction in North Cyprus Banks. Doctoral Thesis of Eastern Mediterranean University.
- Messick, S. (1976). Personality Consistencies in Cognition and Creativity. Individuality in Learning, 4, 22.
- Messick, S. (1994). The Matter of Style: Manifestations of Personality in Cognition, Learning, and Teaching. Educational Psychologist, 29 (3), 121–136.
- Kirton, M. J. (2003). Adaptation-Innovation: In the Context of Diversity and Change. New York: Routledge.
- Chan, D. (1996). Cognitive Misfit of Problem-Solving Style at Work: A Facet of Person-Organization Fit. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 68, 194–207.
- Kirton, M. J. (1976). Adaptors and Innovators: A Description and Measure. Journal of Applied Psychology, 61, 622–629.
- Chang J. Y., Choi J. N. and Kim M. U. (2008). Turnover of Highly Educated R & D Professionals: The Role of Pre-Entry Cognitive Style, Work Values and Career Orientation. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology (2008), 81, 299– 317.
- Wang C. W., Wu J. J. and Horng R. Y. (1999). Creative Thinking Ability, Cognitive Type And R&D Performance. R & D Management 29, 3, 1999.
- Https://Lauramuggli.Com/2018/09/How-Cognitive-StylesAffect-Job-Performance/. (Date Accessed: 09.05.2019).
- Kochanski, J., Mastropolo, P. and Ledford, G. (2003), People Solutions For R & D, Research Technology Management, Vol. 46 No. 1, Pp. 59-61.
- Huang E. Y and Lin S. C. (2006). How R & D Management Practice Affects İnnovation Performance: An İnvestigation Of The High-Tech İndustry İn Taiwan. Industrial Management & Data Systems Vol. 106 No. 7, 2006 Pp. 966-996.
- Löfström E. (2005). Intutition and Analysis at Work: The Role Of Cognitive Style İn Experiences Of Work Contexts. University Of Helsinki Research Report 198, 2005, Helsinki University Press. Finland.