Certain issues to minimize the human factor impact in transportation security

    Trans Motauto World, Vol. 5 (2020), Issue 3, pg(s) 98-100

    Aviation security as a topical area of scientific research is marked contrast to other application tasks of security sector. The specific nature aims at dealing with research objects that differ in considerable uncertainty of identification and description. In such a case, the requirements for aviation security systems are constantly becoming more complex, and the methodology of scientific research on security issues lags far behind the common trend of civil aviation development.
    In the last few years, the trend to improve aviation security management systems in transportation industry has become a transition from classical schemes of regulatory management to schemes of computer-assisted management using procedures with the challenge of reducing the human factor. In fact, the human factor is not the only criterion for management in such systems. We can identify a number of factors that reduce the effectiveness of security management in the current system, and their impact is not fully investigated. A system analysis of these factors shows that each of them is not only related to the human factor, but the parameters of these factors’ influence on the management efficiency are largely determined by the human component. In this case, the human factor becomes the main criterion for optimal aviation security management. There is a problem of minimizing the negative impact of the human factor on aviation security management procedures. The authors of this work offer and study an original approach to solving this problem.



    Mathematical Modeling, Vol. 3 (2019), Issue 2, pg(s) 70-72

    In the last few years there has outlined a well-defined tendency to consider aviation security with regard to the optimal management of its level with the consistent solution of the identification, measurement, evaluation and decision-making problems. For this purpose aviation security is shown as a state related to the object’s under study defined parameters, the quantitative display of which in the dynamics of their changes under the influence of external and internal factors remains in acceptable limits in terms of the object’s operation. However, the environment is formed by the object’s safety equipment, which represent a definite list of technical and other functional elements, solving the problem of the internal and external factors countermeasure. If we consider the situation of counter-strategy as a pseudo field, the proposed model belongs to the class of boundary value problems described by partial differential equations. The problem has no analytical solution, and computational modeling is very limited by mathematical formalization’s issues. It is offered to use hybrid computer tools, which have undoubted advantages in this case.

  • A new approach to the human factor’s assessemnt in the automated control system of aviation security in the airport

    Security & Future, Vol. 3 (2019), Issue 2, pg(s) 41-42

    This report concludes a series of articles by the authors devoted to the human factor and published in scientific journals «Industry-4.0» in 2017, 2018. The problem of the human factor is shown from a new point of view in the article, namely: the human factor is not only the limited possibilities of professional activity, due to human physiology, it is, above all, the limited possibilities of technology that does not take into account the characteristics of a person in the human-machine system. There are considered various aspects of this problem.



    Security & Future, Vol. 1 (2017), Issue 3, pg(s) 98-101

    Authors’ original problem-solution-approach concerning aviation security management in civil aviation applying parallel calculation processes’ method and neural computers’ usage is considered in this paper. Problem statement by setting secure environment simulation tasks for grid models, and neural networks’ usage is presented. The research subject area of this paper is airport services in civil aviation, considered from the point of view of aviation security, defined as the state of aviation security against unlawful interference into the aviation field. The key issue in this subject area is aviation safety provision at an acceptable level. In this case, airport security level management becomes one of the main objectives of aviation security. Aviation security management is the organizational regulations in modern systems that can no longer correspond to changing and increasingly complex requirements determined by factors of external and internal environment, associated with a set of potential threats to airport activity. Optimal control requires the most accurate identification of management parameters and their quantitative assessment. The authors examine the possibility of applying mathematical methods for processes and procedures’ security management modeling in their latest works. Parallel computing methods and network neurocomputing for modeling control processes of airport security are examined in this paper. It is shown that the methods’ practical application is most effective in the decision support system, where the decision maker plays a leading role. Decision support system on the aviation safety management should include risk assessment subsystem of adverse events.