• BUSINESS & “INDUSTRY 4.0”

    Introduction of Industry 4.0 in Industrial Enterprises: Problems and Challenges

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 5 (2020), Issue 2, pg(s) 84-86

    This publication analyzes the opportunities, problems and challenges associated with the implementation of Industry 4.0 in Bulgarian industrial enterprises in condition of a dynamic changing competitive environment and extending digitalization. An analysis is made on the base of the four fundamental principles that are used for application of solutions related to the implementation of Industry 4.0 and that influence on the organizational activities in all functional areas in the industrial enterprise. Various industrial sectors are analyzed to identify the trends, problems and challenges of the introduction of Industry 4.0 in manufacturing activities. Opportunities for improving their competitiveness are identified by means of using the principles and advantages of the modern digitalization. Up-to-date statistics and various methods for analyzing of the existing information are used. The specifics of development of the leading sectors in Bulgarian economy  are identified. The results show that there is a growing number of Bulgarian industrial enterprises focused on deploying Industry 4.0 to reach new higher levels of productivity, quality and efficiency. This is a new approach in seeking favorable opportunities for their further sustainable development and competitiveness. Some fundamental problems, challenges and barriers in industrial enterprises, in the process of introduction of digitalization in the industry are discussed, which hinder the fast pace of their development. As a result of this analysis are presented some appropriate solutions.

  • Barriers and challenges of transferring modern project management principles in Western Balkan region

    Science. Business. Society., Vol. 4 (2019), Issue 1, pg(s) 19-22

    Project management is an effective management approach that has proven to be a great value for development of the Western Balkan region. Successful project identification, preparation and implementation can help developing countries in their progress. This research focuses on Western Balkan countries and the most common project management barriers. They are analysed related to two groups of barriers, one linked to the human resource development, and other related to the government functioning. Later the barriers are connected to challenges identified by the PMBOK project management knowledge areas and how they are influencing the implementations in the analysed region.

  • SOCIETY

    AN APPROACH TOWARDS PLANNING OF ELECTRIC VEHICLES CHARGING INFRASTRUCTURE BASED ON VEHICLE AND TRANSPORT STRUCTURE

    Science. Business. Society., Vol. 1 (2016), Issue 6, pg(s) 31-35

    Electrical vehicles are in a new phase of development and utilisation. It has been a long time before such initiatives have taken place. In the meantime the transport as a whole (vehicles, roads, traffic, etc.) has been significantly changed. As expected the main role in this process globally, and regionally is taken by the biggest economies and companies. Besides the environmental priorities, the nature of transport which does not recognise borders enforces smaller economies and countries to adopt their policies in this area, and take chances of the development. This seems to be very complex process with number of challenges. Some of them are very specific for different countries, and it is up to the local researchers to recognize and deal with them. This paper addresses the problem of the infrastructure, i.e. developing of a network of charging stations. Since there are number of specific technical aspects accompanying electric vehicles (types of vehicles, range, charging limitations, price, etc.), the research has started with analysis of the vehicle fleet, road network, and intensity of the traffic in different areas of Republic of Macedonia. This picture is compared with technical characteristics of emerging electric vehicles on the market. That was the way to recognize advantages and disadvantages of use of electric vehicles as substitution of some of the vehicles in the actual fleet. Possible development of use of electric vehicles in the country had to be estimated based on foreign experiences, and such policies in the country. As a result an approach towards development of network of charging stations in Republic of Macedonia has been defined. There is an obvious need this view to be widely presented and discussed with a possible outcome to serve as contribution to the challenges similar countries will face soon.