Numerical analysis of turbo-generator steam turbine energy efficiency and energy power losses change during the variation in developed power
Developed power variation of turbo-generator (TG) steam turbine allows insight into the change of turbine energy efficiency and energy power losses. Measurements were performed in five different TG steam turbine operating points and analysis is presented in three randomly selected operating points. Turbine developed power was varied from 500 kW until the maximum power of 3850 kW in steps of 100 kW. Turbine energy efficiency increases from 500 kW to 2700 kW and maximum energy efficiency was obtained at 70.13 % of maximum turbine power (at 2700 kW) in each operating point. From 2700 kW until the maximum of 3850 kW, TG turbine energy efficiency decreases. Change in TG turbine energy efficiency is caused by an uneven intensity of increase in turbine power and steam mass flow. For all observed operating points, energy efficiency during turbine exploitation is approximately 10 % or more lower than the maximum obtained one. A continuous increase in turbine energy power losses during the developed turbine power increase are the most influenced by the continuous increase in steam mass flow through the turbine.