MATERIAL DEFORMATION ANALYSIS IN BRIDGE CRANE DURING TRAVEL MOTION WITH FULL LOADING
- 1 Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Prishtina, Kosovo
This paper deals with dynamic analysis of bridge crane with single girder in order to determine material deformations in their main parts – cables and girder’s, while moving and carrying load. It is known that these are mostly loaded parts in crane, while they accept forces, moments and oscillations from lifting mechanism and load. Analysis will be accomplished using computer modeling and simulations. Work process of crane in the study is forward travel motion. It is assumed that this motion process makes major impact in the deformations of lifting cables and girders due to stress, oscillations, and negative effect of load swinging. The analysis will be concentrated in finding the nature of oscillations that acts on crane and finding the extent and form of materials stress and deformations that can cause fatigue, failures and accidents. Question is whether acting loads exceed elasticity limits, or there are plasticity deformations which lead to permanent damages. Results will be shown in the form of diagrams, contour stress and strain in cables and girders. They will be compared with experimental measurements. Conclusions of these analyses can be useful for design considerations and safety.