• MECHANIZATION IN AGRICULTURE

    Theoretical and experimental study of the operational reliability of small-sized agricultural machinery operating in the mountainous conditions of Adjara

    Mechanization in agriculture & Conserving of the resources, Vol. 66 (2022), Issue 2, pg(s) 57-60

    Adjara, with its diverse natural conditions, relief and soil and climatic features, is one of the distinctive regions of Georgia, dominated by mountainous terrain, steep slopes and small areas. Accordingly, the complex mechanization of agricultural processes by mobile agricultural machinery is inappropriate and therefore small-sized agricultural machinery is used. This technique works in difficult soil-climatic and dynamic conditions, it is constantly affected by significant dynamic forces, high humidity, abrasive particles in the environment, mountainous terrain and others. All these factors cause intensive wear and decrease in the reliability of the working bodies of machines. It should be noted that single and complex indicators of the operational reliability of small-scale mechanization equipment operating in the mountainous conditions of Adjara have not been studied and their establishment will contribute to the rational organization of technical service of small-scale mechanization machines.
    The reliability indicators of motoblocks and motor cultivators, such as the probability of failure-free operation, time between failures, the failure rate parameter, the average resource, the coefficients of technical use and readiness, are considered, adequate probabilisticstatistical mathematical models are obtained, the least reliable nodes, types of failures are identified, and a set of measures is outlined to improve reliability

  • MECHANIZATION IN AGRICULTURE

    Reliability of foreign agricultural machinery operating in Georgia and methods of its improvement

    Mechanization in agriculture & Conserving of the resources, Vol. 67 (2021), Issue 1, pg(s) 7-9

    The article examines the single and complex indicators of the operational reliability of agricultural machinery (tractors and combines) operating in the special soil-climatic and dynamic conditions of Georgia, highlights the least reliable units and parts that require constructive improvement.
    As a result of research, according to the methodology of probabilistic and statistical modeling developed by us, integral and differential distribution functions of reliability indicators were obtained, their general characteristics were determined, as well as mathematical models and the values of reliability indicators were determined taking into account the distribution law. The adequacy of the probabilistic-statistical models was tested using the Pearson and Kolmogorov goodness-of-fit tests.
    As a result of theoretical and experimental studies, characteristic malfunctions and failures of the main units of foreign ag ricultural equipment operating in Georgia have been established, and constructive and technological measures to improve reliability have been developed.

  • MECHANIZATION IN AGRICULTURE

    FORMATION ISSUES OF TEA PLANTATIONS

    Mechanization in agriculture & Conserving of the resources, Vol. 64 (2018), Issue 2, pg(s) 49-51

    There are described the types of tea bush pruning and working bodies of the pruning devices in the article. Due to the biological condition and agro-technical requirements of the tea bushes, there are carried out five different types of pruning action in the tea plantations. Therefore it is necessary to discuss a different design pruning machines. The variability of the parameters of the cross-section of tea bushes on slope is analyzed, depending on the angle of slope inclination. Also the free line width , as well as the cross-section characteristic parameters of the tea bushes – , ℎ are established.
    Different types of surface formation of tea bush are characterized, including flat and semi-cylindrical forms. Their comparative analysis has been conducted. In order to increase their durability and simplifying of the construction of tea pruning and harvesting machines it is recommended to form a flat surface of tea bushes. Accordingly, It is recommended to reconstruct the existing semi-cylindrical shaped tea plantations with flat formation of the bushes surface.