Tribological Examinations of X210Cr12 Steel

  • 1 University of Slavonski Brod, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Slavonski Brod, Croatia
  • 2 Georgian Technical University (GTU), Faculty of Transportation and Mechanical Engineering, 0171 Tbilisi, Georgia
  • 3 Academy of Professional Studies Šumadija - Department in Trstenik, 37240 Trstenik, Serbia


In order to test the tribological properties of the high alloy ledeburite steel X210Cr12, test samples were made on which the mass loss was measured before and after the wear test. The test was performed using the “pin on disk” method on the Taber abraser device, with part of the samples tested without lubricant and part with lubricant to compare and present the results. X210Cr12 steel was chosen as the material for the pin sample, while low alloy steel was chosen for the disk sample. In the lubricant test, hemp oil was used and analyzed to show the effects of this oil on the lubrication and wear of the material. During the test, each sample was subjected to a modified load and a modified number of cycles. From the test results, it can be concluded that hemp oil exhibited satisfactory properties over all test cycles, with an approximately constant pattern of mass loss. In addition, hemp oil showed more favorable properties at higher test loads and a greater number of test cycles, so it can be used as a lubricant based on the test results obtained under test conditions such as those that prevailed in this test.



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