• TRANSPORT. SAFETY AND ECOLOGY. LOGISTICS AND MANAGEMENT

    Perspectives of the auto world during the pandemic – international and national view

    Trans Motauto World, Vol. 7 (2022), Issue 2, pg(s) 53-55

    We live in a time of the Covid pandemic, when losses are being noticed in the car industry. Experts state that stabilization of the market is not expected before 2023. Data from the European Automobile Manufacturers Association (ACEA) showed that for the first time in 2021, hybrid electric cars were equalized with “diesels” on the European Union market. Last year, 1.901.239 new hybrid electric vehicles were registered on the common market. In April 2021, our capital Belgrade was awarded for the best Urban Mobility Plan. Our city has increased the safety of traffic participants, given priority to pedestrians and cyclists, reduced emissions and improved energy efficiency, while expanding pedestrian zones. The National Association of Autonomous and Electric Vehicles has launched a project aimed at increasing environmentally friendly traffic in Serbia. Eco 2 line of electric buses works in Belgrade from January 2022. And in Serbia, parts for Audi, Porsche and BMW will be produced in the “Motherson” factory, which was opened at the end of November 2021.

  • TRANSPORT. SAFETY AND ECOLOGY. LOGISTICS AND MANAGEMENT

    The future of moto auto world

    Trans Motauto World, Vol. 5 (2020), Issue 2, pg(s) 54-55

    The new decade symbolically heralds the year of innovations and advancements in automobile sector. Dutch company “Lightyear” has announced that the first “long-range” solar-powered car arrives in 2021. “Lightyear One” will be charged on the household socket, and with a charged battery will be able to cover a distance of 725 kilometars.
    At the fair in Las Vegas, a special place was given to electric “Mustang“ with 900 hp. Among the many versions of “Ford Mustang“, for this model six-speed manual transmission was designed and the driver has at disposal three regimes, and the system is controlled by a large central touch screen.
    The new European drone regulation, in effect July 1st 2020 will require new compliance and registrations by their users. Unfortunately, during 2019, the public learned that “Audi” is withdrawing 138.000 A3 models of the following class, because their airbag does not open due to a malfunction, (models were manufactured between years 2015 and 2019) and these are: 2015-2019 A3 Sedan, 2015 – 2019 A3 Cabriolet (convertible), 2016-2018 A3 E-Tron (plug-in hybrid), 2017-2019 RS3 (based on the A3), 2015-2016 S3 Sedan (based on the A3).
    At the end of 2019, the merger of “Fiat Craisler” and “Peugeot – Citroen”, the two auto giants on the basis of 50:50 and production of 8.7 million cars a year were announced. More recent information comes with the knowledge that these car companies which are in negotiations will sign the merger agreement, which would create the fourth largest car producer in the world. In Serbia there is shortage of about 10.000 drivers and from 80.000 active, already about 10.000 so far took the card and certificate for driving motor vehicles through Europe. Drivers are still in the category of the most wanted professions. In Belgrade City Transportation
    Enterprise is planning to hire 110 new drivers for the largest city carrier. Interesting is also the phenomenon of electric scooters that became almost mandatory means of transport in cities throughout the world. These vehicles necessarily need legal restrictions, and it is interesting that Germany already limits the use of electric scooters.

  • New vehicles as our reality

    Trans Motauto World, Vol. 4 (2019), Issue 2, pg(s) 44-46

    The world is changing very fast. The future already arrived in industry. Europe and China expel classic automobiles and replace them with electrical. European Union predicts that till 2020 they will have 3,5 million electric cars and 800.000 stations for its filling. In Serbia according to the Ministry of Internal Affairs from 2011. only 114 vehicles on electric power and 90 hybrids were registered.
    The introduction of vehicles without a driver on the roads of the world will happen faster than lawmakers predicted. Recently, the countries began to discuss laws regulating autonomous vehicles, but only a few of them actually adopted such laws. California, Nevada, Michigan and Florida (USA) allow autonomous cars on the road, while their use on public roads in the states that have not enacted laws is neither illegal, nor specifically allowed.
    Experts warn that it could take decades before legislators permit the production of vehicles without manual commands and it is possible that during the transitional period when conventional and vehicles without a driver would share the road, security really could be worse. In order to get a vehicle permit, with robots and electronics in them must also stand the man, as well as the system which in the case of emergency enables taking control by man.
    The first passenger drone in the world that can independently carry one person by air got permission for testing in Nevada. In the race entered the Chinese, and the first flying car could have its first drive as soon as next year 2020. The Chinese company “Ehang” still in 2016 presented the model of unmanned aerial vehicle that can carry one person 30 kilometers by speed of 100 km/h. The “Airbus” vision of taxi that solves the problem of traffic jam by throwing away of wheels at a special station and hooking on for the roof the massive drone, to pick it up in the air at the critical moment, was presented.
    Expectations are that in this type of traffic the number of accidents would decrease for at least 90%, what would save thousands of human lives, while those who due to some limitations are not able to drive a car would not be discriminated, but could use self-driving vehicles like everybody else.

  • TRANSPORT TECHNICS. INVESTIGATION OF ELEMENTS. RELIABILITY

    VEHICLES FOR THE FUTURE – DILLEMAS AND PERSPECTIVES

    Trans Motauto World, Vol. 3 (2018), Issue 4, pg(s) 155-156

    The homeland of the first modern electrical car is Greece. Legendary Enfild 8000 is one of the first electrical cars in the world, and that small two-seater was also extremely economical. It originated from the Greek island of Syros, where it is exhibited today at the Industrial Museum in Hermoupolis.It is believed that electrical cars are the real small revolution, because we replaced one type of engine with the other, while the autonomous vehicles resistant to human errors will represent the first real big transport revolution of the 21st century. Experts believe that new models of cars will have the best test in Norway1, where during the last year drivers mostly (52%) voted for electric cars and hybrids. Electrified icons: Ford Mustang and Ford F-150 hybrids are coming by 2020. Porsche plans to sell 20,000 cars E mission per year. Also the French are planning to present 8 new electric cars (record holder is the model “zoe”2, and soon the EV version of the “Quid”, a small SUV that is sold on developing markets should join) before year 2022. In Serbia there is a plan to set up more charging stations for electrical vehicles. It will be initially only 3 stations within the project “Green Balkanica”, while it is cited that in China there are even 5 million of these stations.

  • IMPORTANCE OF TRAFFIC SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION IN SERBIA

    Machines. Technologies. Materials., Vol. 9 (2015), Issue 10, pg(s) 3-5

    This paper is devoted to traffic safety and environmental protection in Serbia. Unfortunately the level of air pollution i.e. the level of emission of carbon dioxide in the world is still raising. Additional actions are needed in order to limit the effect of climate changes in the following years. People ask why electric vehicles aren’t main-stream? It seems that price has a lot to do with it. The Road Traffic Safety Agency with its systematic and responsible activities set clear guidelines for the monitoring and improvement of road safety in Serbia. In the Republic of Serbia from 1981 till 2013 in the traffic accidents 41.718 persons were killed. In the same period 632.936 persons were seriously injured. Republic of Serbia on the 16th of November 2011 began to commemorate the World’s Day of memory on victims in the traffic accidents. Law on road traffic safety came into effect in the Republic of Serbia in 2009. and brought many changes in our legal order. Majority of those changes meant harmonization with European Union regulation in the area of traffic safety. Changes made by the st new Law on infractions (“Officaial Gazette of the Republic of Serbia“, no. 65/13) in application from March the 1 2014. show the increase of penalties for unscrupulous drivers, but drivers complain on to many regulations and difficulties to get documents for motor vehicle use. In this paper there are mentioned the most efficient hybrids we can buy today. In Serbia “FIAT automobiles of Serbia” is still the leading exporter on the list of 15 biggest Serbian exporters, according to the data of the Serbian Ministry of Finances. In April 2015 at New York Auto Show will be possible to see all new accomplishments in auto-moto industry all over the world.

  • IMPORTANCE OF TRAFFIC SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION IN SERBIA

    Machines. Technologies. Materials., Vol. 9 (2015), Issue 6, pg(s) 47-49

    This paper is devoted to traffic safety and environmental protection in Serbia. Unfortunately the level of air pollution i.e.
    the level of emission of carbon dioxide in the world is still raising. Additional actions are needed in order to limit the effect of climate changes in the following years. People ask why electric vehicles aren’t main-stream? It seems that price has a lot to do with it. The Road Traffic Safety Agency with its systematic and responsible activities set clear guidelines for the monitoring and improvement of road safety in Serbia. In the Republic of Serbia from 1981 till 2013 in the traffic accidents 41.718 persons were killed. In the same period 632.936 persons were seriously injured. Republic of Serbia on the 16th of November 2011 began to commemorate the World’s Day of memory on victims in the traffic accidents. Law on road traffic safety came into effect in the Republic of Serbia in 2009. and brought many changes in our legal order. Majority of those changes meant harmonization with European Union regulation in the area of traffic safety. Changes made by the st new Law on infractions (“Officaial Gazette of the Republic of Serbia“, no. 65/13) in application from March the 1 2014. show the increase of penalties for unscrupulous drivers, but drivers complain on to many regulations and difficulties to get documents for motor vehicle use. In this paper there are mentioned the most efficient hybrids we can buy today. In Serbia “FIAT automobiles of Serbia” is still the leading exporter on the list of 15 biggest Serbian exporters, according to the data of the Serbian Ministry of Finances. In April 2015 at New York Auto Show will be possible to see all new accomplishments in auto-moto industry all over the world.

  • NEW TRENDS IN TRAFFIC SAFETY

    Machines. Technologies. Materials., Vol. 8 (2014), Issue 2, pg(s) 48-50

    In this paper the important events in the auto industry all over the world, situation with automobile industry in Serbia, the concern for safety of drivers and other participants in traffic, with special stress on the protection of children in traffic, as well as the obligation of environmental protection are presented. Unfortunately, mortality in traffic is becoming epidemic. The interactive map showing the basic parameters of traffic safety in all countries in the world has been started. Every year on the roads throughout the world even 1.240.000 persons are killed. On the roads in Serbia the most frequent causes of traffic accident with serious consequences are: speeding, driving under the influence of alcohol and not fastening seat belts. Children in traffic are killed mostly as passengers. Reasearch shows that Serbia is positioned very low comparing to European Union countries when it comes to the safe transport of children in vehicles and the use of seat belts. Agency for Traffic Safety in the Republic of Serbia in December 2013 celebrated 4 years from foundation and on that occasion the importance and necessity of connecting and coordination in work of all subjects competent for the field of safety was emphasized.