This paper is devoted to traffic safety and environmental protection in Serbia. Unfortunately the level of air pollution i.e. the level of emission of carbon dioxide in the world is still raising. Additional actions are needed in order to limit the effect of climate changes in the following years. People ask why electric vehicles aren’t main-stream? It seems that price has a lot to do with it. The Road Traffic Safety Agency with its systematic and responsible activities set clear guidelines for the monitoring and improvement of road safety in Serbia. In the Republic of Serbia from 1981 till 2013 in the traffic accidents 41.718 persons were killed. In the same period 632.936 persons were seriously injured. Republic of Serbia on the 16th of November 2011 began to commemorate the World’s Day of memory on victims in the traffic accidents. Law on road traffic safety came into effect in the Republic of Serbia in 2009. and brought many changes in our legal order. Majority of those changes meant harmonization with European Union regulation in the area of traffic safety. Changes made by the st new Law on infractions (“Officaial Gazette of the Republic of Serbia“, no. 65/13) in application from March the 1 2014. show the increase of penalties for unscrupulous drivers, but drivers complain on to many regulations and difficulties to get documents for motor vehicle use. In this paper there are mentioned the most efficient hybrids we can buy today. In Serbia “FIAT automobiles of Serbia” is still the leading exporter on the list of 15 biggest Serbian exporters, according to the data of the Serbian Ministry of Finances. In April 2015 at New York Auto Show will be possible to see all new accomplishments in auto-moto industry all over the world.
Machines. Technologies. Materials.
Vol. 9 (2015), Issue 10
Table of Contents
The article considers the issues of imported forest machines maintenance technology and knowledge management in the North- West of the Russian Federation. The paper proposes a structure of technological instruction to restore parts by welding and building up.
Basic requirements for the work-site arrangement are formulated. Theoretical statements are accompanied by calculated reliability assessment of forest machines. The assessment is based on the research of details durability of forest machinery John Deere 1010 and 1410. The research was carried out for four years and included 16 forest machines. The main objects of the research were details of processing equipment (manipulator), hydraulic system, and engine fuel system of forwarder John Deere 1010 D. The efficiency criteria of multicomponent reserve delivery of spare parts and consumables are formulated.
It is impossible even imagine tourism development without using modern innovative technologies. The modern WEBGIS and Mobile systems allow putting in an absolutely new light the country’s tourist potential.
The tourist routes, tourist facilities and infrastructures indicated on the digital interactive geo-information map (GIS) with textual and visual (photo, video) information, which are integrated on the tourist web-portal and in the touch-screen devices (cell phones, graphics pads, smart-phones) make the mentioned information available in any country of the world.
The Center of Geographic Information of Georgia has developed a mobile application “TravelGIS” for the mobile devices operating on the platform of Android and IOS, which have no analog in the world. The mentioned application is designed in three languages (Georgian, English, Russian) and represents the information-communicative means for tourist organizations (companies and tour operators), tourist destinations and for promoting the whole country’s tourist potential. Any interested person can find and select on his own cell phone the information by any desired criteria – country, region, Tourist Company, infrastructure unit, type of tourist services, duration and complexity).
Two simulators of ship automation systems are realized by means of FESTO didactic elements and software. They are applied into syllabus for marine students and naval cadets. The analysis and advantages will be discussed between real and simulated systems.
The nature of blended learning is expressed through dynamic educational process streaming towards perfect match of teaching and technology. That alone represents a blended learning strength for both, academic and business world. In higher education blended learning has been not a new term, but has intensively attached the importance owing to rapid development of available digital and social media that have been utilised for adequate learning environments. This paper identifies core issues and points to the challenges of this delivery mechanism in higher educational context. Some experience in the development of engineering graphics blended course is presented along with few directions for future course redesign and research.
A regional agricultural center is a key link in the system of supplying Georgian standard citrus cultures to the goods markets of European countries. The elements of such logistics centers are united into three groups which comprise three large logistics divisions – supply, production and distribution.
Optimization of the production subdivisions and technical equipment is carried out on the basis of optimizing the whole center by developing a simulation model based on statistical modeling of random streams. At first, a structural-parametrical (qualitative) model of agricultural center was developed. For optimizing the center’s technical equipment and operating standards, the combined optimization parameters have been developed. Based on the objective function formalization, there has been developed a system model of planning and optimizing of agricultural center by developing the system constraints. Optimization and algorithmization of subdivisions and the whole system are carried out by decomposition of model on separate blocks, which correspond to separate subsystems of the center.
The task of integrated transport system in passenger transport is connection between their other modes. One part of implementation of integrated transport system is set up the ticketing system for validation. This problem can solving by the ticket machines and their location. When ticket machines are located in vehicle, we create conditions for Self-Service System in public transport.
The paper is focused on the description of factors, which influences number of ticket markers in railway passenger vehicles. For example these factors is circulation time of vehicles, transport distance, travel speed and etc. One part of paper includes the methodology of calculation the ticket markers for rail passenger vehicles.
THE ROLE OF BATUMI STATE MARITIME ACADEMY IN TRAINING OF THE FUTURE SEAFARERS IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE MODERN REQUIREMENTSpg(s) 23-24
The present paper deals with a brief history of Georgian Maritime traditions and development of Georgian seafarers. It also describes the collapse of Georgian fleet and hard condition of Georgian seafarers. A negative dynamics of the last 20 years which damaged popularization of the seafarer profession and caused letting down of the high class specialists from the fleet and their degradation.
A positive dynamics of the last years – the state interest towards Maritime Education sphere is resulted in update of Maritime Academy infrastructure, material technical resources are also improved. The laboratories provided with the modern equipment and updated educational programmes tuned to the IMO requirements promote education and training of highly competitive seafarers in accordance with the international requirements.
This article describes the results of research focused on service quality after transportation by railway freight transport.
Importance of these services completes final quality of services and it has crucial importance in customer considering on the future use of railway transport. Processes filling the customer demands and output quality assessment were defined as a part of the research. In this contribution is introduced the map of quality planning and the algorithm of applied methodology.
The present paper deals with Georgian State transitive importance, its transport infrastructure effectiveness improvement. It also deals with importance of maritime infrastructure in the transport artery development and the prospects of turnover increase based on the positive calculations of the experts who consider Georgia as the shortest link between Asia and Georgia. The paper also presents the prospects of Georgian transport infrastructure and Merchant fleet inclusion into the intercontinental projects implementation.
Actual problems from the point of view of sustainable transport are limited capacity and level of transport infrastructure and major differences between the capacity and quality of transport infrastructure in western and eastern Europe. Subvention of multi-modal chains in the country is highly differentiated from high subvention towards environmentally friendly mode of transport to very little subvention from the state. The paper deals with legislation relative to conditions of the railway freight transport market liberalisation structure of international documents and national law, conditions of access companies to transport infrastructure and business conditions in the railway transport market. In Slovak republic it was changed of charging schemes for rail infrastructure from 1.1. 2011. We have researched impact this change to modal split. The paper presents measures to improve competitiveness of railway freight transport.
In the sector of railway freight transport is considerable part of performance carried out through the transportation of single wagons from the departure station to the destination station which show decreasing trend in the last period. Currently, the transportation of the single wagons is realized according to long term established procedures, which do not take into account its direction on the basis of the optimal costs for the individual carriers on the network of ŽSR. Transportation of single wagons is realized based on train formation, which is regularly analyzed and adjusted on the basis of strength of wagons lane and requirements of the Business Department. By the application of different optimization methods it is possible to achieve reengineering of these procedures and optimize costs. The paper deals with the reengineering of the single wagons routing by application Critical Path Method (CPM) on the selected particular traffic relation on the network of ŽSR. Through application of CPM method and by reengineering of technological processes it is possible to achieve cost savings for the customer as well as for the carrier for the carriage of goods and truncation the delivery time of shipment to the customer as well as to increase the competitiveness of the railway company.
This paper deals with the use of Internet by the road transport business, especially with the marketing web services. The aim is to show the importance of the Search engine optimisation (SEO) methods for the creation of webpages, as their consistent implementation is relevant for improving marketing communication and improving the search-engine rankings. The results of a survey among small and medium enterprises in the road transport business show that proper attention given to the creation of a company website brings clear economic effects.
Growing problems of transportation in urban areas in terms of congestion, air pollution, reduced safety and comfort, occupation of the space, are creating the need for innovative mobility strategies and exchanging good practices. One of the measures that can help resolving these issues is urban carpooling that decreases the number of private cars traveling to/from a desired destination site.
This paper focuses on good practice examples of carpooling in Europe and potentials for transferring knowledge and experience. Several implemented concepts of carpooling are discussed in terms of resources and implementation effects. The paper concludes with recommendations for stepwise implementation of carpooling concept.
ACTUAL ACCELERATION, VELOCITY AND TRAVELED DISTANCE PROFILES OF VEHICLES IN URBAN ENVIRONMENT AS DOMINANT MICROSCOPIC TRAFFIC FLOW PARAMETERSpg(s) 44-2
In this paper we have presented a methodology used to determine actual acceleration, velocity and traveled distance profiles of vehicles of different categories in urban environment, as dominant microscopic traffic flow parameters. The tests have been done on representative arterial road in the city of Skopje. Within a period of one month, we have been observing the traffic on the subject arterial road and have determined the average traffic flow during different day periods. The structure of the traffic flow has also been analyzed. In the experiment we have used a probe vehicle equipped with adequate measuring system to follow more than 130 vehicles of different categories on the observed arterial road, imitating i.e. reproducing their behavior as much as possible. The final goal to determine the domains of these microscopic traffic flow parameters in specific velocity intervals, regarding different vehicle categories was reached. These results have shown to be very useful as input parameters in the single lane urban traffic flow simulator that we have developed.
There are described in the article current applications with the artificial intelligence and value of using it for the road transport efficiency. This paper deals with concept of artificial intelligence, main reasons for successful growing of AI at present and main areas of AI using in transportation. One part of the article aims to define the artificial neural networks and basic elements of them. The article describes the reason of use them in transportation problems solving, the possibility of using neural networks in the road transport, examples of tasks solvable by neural nets, the advantages and disadvantages of using neural networks.
National and international transport of dangerous goods in Slovakia is exercised by the European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR). All shipments covered by this agreement remain subject to national and international road traffic regulations, international road transport and international trade.
TECHNOLOGICAL STRUCTURE OF OPERATIONAL FILES IN REGIONAL BUS TRANSPORT FOR THE NEEDS OF THE TENDER FOR CARRIERSpg(s) 57-60
In the regional bus transport in the Czech Republic is currently ending a period, in which contracts with the bus carriers have been concluded directly – without a tender, before the effect of European Regulation 1370/2007. Main contractors of public transport are currently solving questions, how to define the structure of operational files in regional bus transport, so that these files were technologically functional, operationally homogeneous and that the price of transport performance in these files was economically viable. This situation requires new and innovative approach in the field of transportation technology.
A number of agricultural, land reclamation and road construction machinery bearings (wheels, rollers, skis, etc.) are located behind the working bodies and move across the surface generated by their working bodies during the execution of processes. These machines and mechanisms relating to machines and mechanisms with delayed feedback.
We were first investigated by transient planar and spatial models of machines and mechanisms with delayed feedback, a feedback coefficient is greater than one, when exposed to a single step of the relief support surface. When the model coefficient k>1 (this machines and tools to the schemes similar to the bulldozer) transition process from a single push – h0 has the form of a circle with radius r.
This research has been carried out on aircraft passenger cabin fire safety problem. The pathways of decreasing the fire danger are considered. The algorithm of fire safety implementation was presented. Risk management would decrease the state of danger in the cabin as the subject of the research, therefore, increase the safety to the maximum level available today.