Fabrication, structure and use of nanocellulose as reinforcement in polymer composites
- 1 Department of Wood Mechanics and Technology, Forestry Faculty, Istanbul University, Bahcekoy, Sariyer, 34473, Istanbul, Turkey
Nanocellulose is defined as term refers to the cellulosic materials with defined nano-scale structural dimensions. Nanocellulose can be mainly categorized into three main types; nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC), nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC), and bacterial nanocellulose (BNC). The special attention is the size of nanocellulose fiber which generally contains less than 100 nm in diameter and several micrometers in length. The NCCs have very attractive fundamental properties such as high strength and stiffness, low density, biodegradability, transparency, and extremely low thermal expansion property. They have extremely strong mechanical properties, e.g., a Young’s modulus of 130-140 GPa. As a results of the recent developments in the nanotechnology in the last deceade, nanocellulose has garnered much attention for its use in biocomposites, biofilms, medicine, coatings, thermoplastic and thermosetting resins. The production cost of nanocellulose is gradually decrasing due to increasing utilization by many industries all over the world. In this study, structure of use of nanocellulose and its use in polymer composites was reviewed.
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