SOCIETY

Complex functional dependence of temperatures on the pollutants and gaseous material particles in the form of atmospheric aerosols

  • 1 Univers ity “Pr. Assen Zlatarov”, Burgas Faculty of Real Sciences, Department of Physics and Mathematics

Abstract

The state of ecosystems is dictated by a number of complex factors. The existence of vegetation that is considered the “lungs” of the life of Earth is due to the presence of sunlight and favorable atmospheric temperature conditions for its existence. The modern anthropogenic activity of humanity exists due to the satisfaction of the necessities for human existence. The technical -scientific revolution is leading to the negative effects upon the ecosystems. These effects are described by the excess accumulation of pollutants in the form of fine dust materials particles suspended in the atmosphere as well as various gaseous substances resulting from anthropogenic activity and leading to variations in the values of atmospheric temperature with a negative impact on the normal state of the environment. A series of studies and environmental centers of research describe the current state of the Earth’s atmosphere with a tendency of the increasing of the average atmospheric temperature as a result of the intensification of the green house effect. Recently, concomitantly with the existence of green house effects, there is a decrease in the temperature of the upper layers of the atmosphere due to of the presence of a erosols of polluting material particles. This can lead to the intensification of the temperature gradients with the frequent results of sud den temperature variations and of the natural cataclysms. The quantitative description of phenomena in nature is a major problem and this study aims to clarify quantitatively how temperature varies and what are the reasons of the variations of the atmospheric temperature by th e application of the laws of physics of physical phenomena. Decreasing of the pollutants in the atmosphere could have a reversible effect by normalizing of the previous atmospheric conditions and by intensifying of the processes of widening green forest spaces in order to reduce the excess of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. This study shows that the increasing the albedo values of the Earth-atmosphere complex system leads to a decrease of the effective temperatures. This decrease is confirmed by the cooling of the upper layers of the atmosphere due to the presence of aerosols in the form of polluting particles suspended in the atmosphere. An important parameter is described in this study which is called latent specific heat. The respective values of the wavelengths of the outgoing longwave radiation emitted by this complex system increase.

Keywords

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