Machine vision – important factor for the security development in systems

    Security & Future, Vol. 4 (2020), Issue 2, pg(s) 51-52

    Biometry provides uniqueness in all of its main modalities or combinations between them usually applied for face recognition. A few examples are fingerprints, iris, face recognition, voice, structure of blood system and etc. Nowadays, biometric analysis has much more frequent application in developing digital community. Analysis and categorizing of a given subject behavior is an actual problem with serious application in the field of security. Apart from hardware requirements, the development of smart software methods and approaches for the recognition of suspicious faces and behavior is necessary. The searching of such solutions are directed to the realization of a software system for machine vision. For achieving the goals of this work, some of the most popular technologies such as High performance computing (HPC), cloud services (Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), Software as a Service (SaaS), Compute  as a Service (CaaS)), neural networks (Artificial Neural Network), big data, machine learning and decision tree are studied. It must be mentioned that there is a possibility for the system to be applied with higher precision for predicting future actions.


    Changes in the agrochemical status of Haplic Vertisols depending on the agro-technical measures

    Mechanization in agriculture & Conserving of the resources, Vol. 66 (2020), Issue 4, pg(s) 146-149

    By assessing basic agro-technical factors, optimal decisions can be made for good agricultural practice on soils with heavy mechanical composition, such as the Haplic Vertisols.
    The aim of the study is to identify the changes in the agrochemical status of Haplic Vertisols that occur under the influence of applied agro-technical measures.
    For the achievement of the purpose in the period 2016 -2019, a field trials, based on the block method in the Sofia Region on a Haplic Vertisols were carried out.
    The applied fertilization mainly affects the content of nitrate and ammonium nitrogen, the phosphorus forms remain with low values, it is clearly necessary to raise the norm and with a methodical approach it is necessary to achieve a sustainable level of absorbed phosphates. The content of the absorbed potassium is still satisfactory, and based on the data from the analysis, its reduction and export with the produced products are smaller.


    Effect of the implementation of agro-technical and ameliorative measures in soils with poor technological and pedological properties

    Mechanization in agriculture & Conserving of the resources, Vol. 66 (2020), Issue 4, pg(s) 140-145

    Applying appropriate tillage systems, agro-technical and ameliorative measures can stop the negative changes in soil functions and stabilize and improve soil fertility through a systematic agro-technical approach.
    The aim of the study is to investigate the effect of the introduction of new solutions in agro-technology on cultivation of arable crops on soils with impaired fertility. In a three-field crop rotation with potato, wheat and corn cultivation, after the application of soil tillage and liming systems, it has been found that soil tillage systems have a direct and indirect impact on the productivity of crops grown under crop rotation, setting the conditions for the cultivation of crops other agrotechnical activities.
    The deeper basic cultivations applied to the potatoes on Chromic Luvisosl and EutricPlanosols, leads to lower values of bulk density and strength.
    Potato cultivation has a significant effect on both limestone and ash input, with a positive effect on corn and wheat.
    On the basis of the results obtained from the field experiments, a technology for the production of potatoes and wheat grown in a three-field crop rotation on soils with medium to highly acidic reaction of the soil solution – Chromic Luvisosl and EutricPlanosols in the study area is recommended.


    Exploring New TechnologySolutions for the conditions of Eutric/ Haplic Vertisols and Gleyic-Chromic Luvisols

    Mechanization in agriculture & Conserving of the resources, Vol. 66 (2020), Issue 1, pg(s) 24-30

    Determining the sustainability of agricultural production are agro-technical activities, as the main units in any technology. A study has been carried out to evaluate the impact of crop treatment systems, mineral fertilization and integrated weed control on soil and climatic conditions in the Sofia region.
    It has been found that less intensive weeding with annual and perennial weeds is observed when using a more intensive treatment system compared to the reduced treatment option. The number of weeds per unit area is increasing in the non-fertilizing variants, but their mass is lower than the fertilizers. Deeper soil tillage contributes to maintaining the values of the physical parameters (humidity, bulk density and soil hardness) in a more favorable range. Fertilization has the most significant effect on yields during the three years of the experiment.

  • Effect of using a complex of agro-technical practices on planosols

    Mechanization in agriculture & Conserving of the resources, Vol. 64 (2018), Issue 6, pg(s) 215-219

    The problem of updating agricultural technology, particularly in the field of agriculture, is important for agriculture. Alternative technology solutions that meet the performance criteria are a prerequisite for successful economic activity.
    The aim of the study is to determine the effect of the application of an agro-technical complex of events, which successfully supports the soil fertility of the Planosoils and the sustainable level of productivity of the field crops.
    In the field experiment in the station for irrigation agricultural Pazardzhik Valley, in three-polar crop rotation maize-barley-rape are studied three factors – soil tillage system, mineral fertilization and ways of managing plant residues.
    The study found that the moisture content of the soil was mainly influenced by the type of treatment applied (loosening as a main plow and plowing as a pre-sowing) and the use of plant residues. The over compaction found in the beginning of the experiment in the 25-40 cm layer is partly overcome by performing a deep rupture to the depth of 35 cm. Despite the short period of the study, there was a certain decrease in the content of digestible potassium forms. The results show the activation of the microbiological activity after planting of the plant residues – an increase of the amount of the cellulose microorganisms and of the ammonifiable bacteria, the most noticeable in the high fertilization rate and the intensive treatments. The main part in the formation of crop rotation productivity is mineral fertilization. The impact of the tillage system is more marked in the first year of maize and especially during the third year of rape. Lack of fertilization influences yields significantly in rapeseed compared to maize and barley.