MATHEMATICAL MODELLING OF TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES AND SYSTEMS
The study was performed to identify irrigation scheduling of some common crops such as seed-maize, tomato, carrot, rice, alfalfa, and tomato plants at arid Rosso province, Mauritania. In that purpose, crop water requirement, ETc, for those crops were calculated by Cropwat software computer program. In results, ETc values for Rice, Alfalfa, Carrot, Maize (grain), and Tomato crops were calculated as about 1378 mm, 1542 mm, 814 mm, 705 mm, and 956 mm respectively. The irrigation water requirements, I, for the examined crops were found as 1677 mm, 1535 mm, 811 mm, 699 mm, and 950 mm, respectively. In accordance with our findings, the following suggestions can be considered; crop pattern should be designated in accordance with current water resources; water delivery systems should be converted to modernized systems; deficit irrigation can be applied for some crops; farmers should be educated about correct water management, and there should be strong relationships between landowners and water managers.