TECHNOLOGICAL BASIS OF “INDUSTRY 4.0”
In the last ten years, the development and implementation of robotics, sensor and digital technology in the world from introduced us the third industrial revolution to the fourth industrial revolution. In its development strategy, Germany introduces digital technologies in production processes called “Industry 4.0” in 2011. The German example is followed by the following countries: USA, Great Britain, Sweden, Japan and other. Almost all technologically developed countries strive to introduce advanced technologies into production processes in order to maintain their competitive positions in the market. The implementation of the fourth technological revolution depends on a number of new and innovative technological achievements, i.e., the implementation of patents for the basic technologies of Industry 4.0. It is necessary to integrate production processes in all phases of product development, as well as monitoring during its working life through the use of advanced technologies. When automating production processes, we must include intelligent sensors, intelligent robots and connect everything to the Internet using digital technologies that closely monitor the product development process. It is also required to collect large amounts of data through network communication used during the production process. The paper presents a structural network with all levels for the implementation of Industry 4.0 in the production process of the metal industry.