Table of Contents

  • SCIENCE

    • Automatic detection of the REM sleep phase during electrooculography

      pg(s) 36-39

      Sleep is not just a rest; it is a necessary part of the functioning of the cognitive system of people. Studying the role of sleep for effective functioning of the immune system, temperature regulation, memory, emotional regulation, learning and many other physiological and psychological processes is gaining more and more relevance. It attracts the attention of many leading researchers from around the world. The study of sleep by electrooculography (using three electrodes – two on the temples and one on the forehead) to track eye movements has a significant advantage over the more commonly used EEG methods due to its lower cost and the ability to quickly and efficiently collect large databases. A software-implemented algorithm for automatic recognition of the REM sleep phase during sleep is presented. This algorithm is a step of a larger project to create a system for external control of the content of dreams during REM sleep by providing scents and sounds, pre-associated with various stimuli and symbols. This system will allow in the future applying an automatic external influence on the sleeper during the REM phase. The development will have applications at research on the induction of selected elements during dreaming. This can help to people with post-traumatic stress disorder and phobias, as well for a more effective learning.

  • BUSINESS

    • Problems of interaction between the manufacturer and the buyer in Iraqi-Russian transactions in the field of welding production

      pg(s) 40-42

      This study presents the process of confirming the conformity of welding production facilities in Iraqi-Russian transactions. The purpose of this work is to simplify the interaction between the manufacturer and the purchaser in Iraqi-Russian transactions when importing/exporting welding equipment and materials. In this study we will: (1) Analysis of international trade in the field of welding production. (2) Analysis of the problems faced by the import and export of welding production facilities. (3) Evaluation of requirements for products in the field of welding production in Russia and Iraq. (4) Preparation of welding products for entering the international market. (5) Development of a draft agreement on the recognition of requirements.

    • Georgia as a logistics node in the international transport corridor

      pg(s) 43-46

      The article discusses the international transport route that passes through the South Caucasus and is part of the transport-logistics system connecting Europe-Asia. The international transport corridor is considered as a way to strengthen the unity of the country’s economic space and develop international cooperation. The importance of the corridor is particularly noteworthy in the current geopolitical situation, when the transit cargo turnover in the South Caucasus region has increased, and the interest of international carriers is growing every year. The current state of the transport corridor is analyzed, as well as the role of Batumi and Poti ports in the development of transit freight. Moving cargo from the Caspian region to Europe is possible only with a developed transport and logistics infrastructure. A number of measures have been analyzed to eliminate obstacles in certain areas of the corridor, which will ensure its proper functioning. This can be achieved by implementing new infrastructure projects, simplifying customs procedures, implementing TradeLens, etc.

    • Contribution to general safety measures at the construction site in practice

      pg(s) 47-50

      In this paper, the author will point out the determinants of safety and security at work in the context of the requirements of the HSEQ (Health, Safety, Environment and Quality) standard with practical application on the construction site in the context of maintenance of technical systems. The key determinant in the occupational safety approach in the context of general safety and maintenance of technical systems is prevention. Prevention implies planned and undertaken safety measures in every work procedure at the employer, with the aim of preventing or reducing risks at work. When basic organizational safety measures, i.e. basic rules and equipment for work protection, cannot eliminate or sufficiently limit the risks to the safety and health of workers, the employer is obliged as part of specific security to provide additional appropriate protective equipment and additional work protection measures, and ensure the training of workers in order to use it in a prescribed and correct manner. In this paper, the author will give numerous examples of the practical application of specific safety in specific working conditions. In this paper, the author will give examples of the application of prevention and general work safety with risk assessment on the construction site in the specific case of a renowned company with extensive international experience.

  • SOCIETY

    • Restoration and Preservation of the written wealth of Bulgaria

      pg(s) 51-52

      The paper aims to present of the problem of the endangerment of the Bulgarian written heritage. The task set for the Bulgarian culture by the present time is urgent, because the preservation of the written cultural legacy is a serious problem which cannot be postponed. We are obliged to look for ways to preserve and make available to the Bulgarian nation and to the international cultural society our rich cultural relics on paper, parchment etc.

    • Influece of the social media in the formation of the social identity. Challanges and pesrpectives

      pg(s) 53-55

      In the era of the growing influence of social media, the processes related to the development and formation of the personality and identity of adolescents are faced with a number of challenges. The current scientific material focuses on the media literacy, considered in the context of contemporary social factors in the formation of social identity in adolescents.

    • The impact of anthropogenic activity on the global environment

      pg(s) 59-64

      The state of the environment is influenced by a series of complex factors as well as by its constituent components. The composition of the components of the environment is undergoing to a variable dynamic process of both proper composition and structure. The anthropogenic activity that has a reference point to ensure the growing demands of the population has a generally negative impact at the current stage upon the state of the climate that comes as a result of the emissions of polluting green house gases as well as polluting particles in the form of aerosols. Consecutive effects with their states in the form of steps are described by a special diagram that can be called the cyclic diagram of anthropogenic activities. This diagram shows the current real representation of the actual state of the Biosphere as well as the measures that could be taken to improve the state of the Biosphere. Human activity creates a stress on the environment. Land, air, and water are inundated with the detrimental effects of industry. Air has received more attention and publicity than land and water in terms of the pollution it suffers. Besides, air pollution at some point affects land and water, either directly or indirectly.

    • Comparison of AI-enhanced educational games for students with disabilities

      pg(s) 65-67

      In recent years, artificial intelligence (AI)-enhanced educational games have become powerful tools for people with disabilities. These games use AI algorithms to customize and personalize the learning experience to meet learners’ unique needs and abilities. This comparative analysis aims to evaluate and compare different AI-powered educational games specifically developed for people with disabilities. This article attempts to provide insights so that developers, educators, and people with disabilities can use AI to select appropriate educational games. Highlights how AI-powered educational games can improve accessibility, engagement, and learning
      outcomes for people with disabilities.

    • The meaning of financial education for customers rights in imereti region

      pg(s) 68-70

      Financial of education raising issue Many in country considered as _ Financial of service of customers rights protection Constituent part . of the issue from relevance based on many in country already postponed concrete steps this In the angle , they between in Georgia too . of the article The goal is to review Financial Education as _ of customers protection Constituent basic part existing problems and this problems solution possible ways Imereti in the region.
      in the article has been conveyed If what There will be consequences financial to the growth of education In Georgia , Imereti in the region, namely : to increase of the population Financial sustainability level and to improve Their Financial Prosperity _ reduce of poverty level _ to increase savings ; hand to facilitate of customers rights protection .