Exergy analysis of three cylinder steam turbine from supercritical coal-fired power plant
In this paper is performed exergy analysis of three cylinder steam turbine from the supercritical coal-fired power plant. Exergy analysis parameters were calculated for the whole turbine and each cylinder for the ambient temperature range between 5 °C and 45 °C. The dominant mechanical power producer of all the cylinders is a low pressure cylinder (LPC) which produces 262.06 MW of mechanical power. An increase in the ambient temperature increases exergy destructions and decreases exergy efficiencies of the whole turbine and each cylinder. Exergy analysis shows that LPC is a cylinder with the highest exergy destruction (between 24.67 MW and 28.24 MW) and the lowest exergy efficiency (between 82.27% and 84.16%) in comparison to the other cylinders. Exergy destruction of the whole observed turbine is between 67.85 MW and 77.62 MW, while the whole turbine exergy efficiency ranges between 89.47% and 90.67%. Inside the observed steam turbine, LPC is the most influenced by the ambient temperature change, therefore future research and possible optimization should be specifically based on this cylinder.