### MATHEMATICAL MODELLING OF TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES AND SYSTEMS

## Isentropic analysis of nuclear power plant steam turbine and turbine cylinders

This paper presents isentropic analysis results of the whole steam turbine (as well as turbine cylinders) from nuclear power plant. In the analyzed steam turbine, LPC (Low Pressure Cylinder) is the dominant mechanical power producer – mechanical power produced in the LPC is more than two times higher in comparison to mechanical power produced in the HPC (High Pressure Cylinder). Whole analyzed steam turbine produces real mechanical power equal to 1372.47 MW, while the highest possible mechanical power which can be produced in the whole turbine when all the losses are neglected (ideal mechanical power) equals 1686.96 MW. LPC has a notably higher isentropic efficiency than HPC, regardless of higher isentropic loss (isentropic efficiencies of the LPC and HPC are 84.41% and 74.84%, respectively). HPC has notably higher specific steam consumption and specific heat consumption in comparison to LPC. Whole turbine has an isentropic efficiency equal to 81.36%, isentropic loss equal to 314.48 MW, specific steam consumption of 9.15 kg/kWh and specific heat consumption of 3799.06 kJ/kWh, what is in the range of similar comparable steam turbines from nuclear power plants.