VEHICLE ENGINES. APPLICATION OF FUELS TYPES. EFFICIENCY
In this paper, two-cylinder steam turbine, which operates in nuclear power plant is analyzed from the energy viewpoint. Along with the whole turbine, energy analysis is performed for each turbine cylinder (High Pressure Cylinder – HPC and Low Pressure Cylinder – LPC). A comparison of both cylinders shows that the dominant mechanical power producer is LPC, which also has much higher energy loss and much lower energy efficiency. Therefore, any potential improvement of this steam turbine should be based dominantly on th e LPC, which also has a dominant influence on energy analysis parameters of the whole observed turbine. The whole turbine produces real (polytropic) mechanical power equal to 1247.69 MW, has energy loss equal to 352.70 MW and energy efficiency equal to 77.96%. According to obtained energy efficiency value it can be concluded that the whole analyzed steam turbine is comparable to main marine propulsion steam turbines, while its energy efficiency is much lower in comparison to steam turbines from conventional steam power plant s which operates by using superheated steam.