TECHNOLOGICAL BASIS OF “INDUSTRY 4.0”
Using blockchain technology for ID management: a case study for Albania
In this paper we have presented a framework, which proposes to adopt blockchain technology for ID card management in Albania, to increase the security and privacy of personal data. The way how the actual ID cards in Albanian tend to offer security is by using a microprocessor, encrypting the data in the card. However, the centralized data management systems have single points of failure that leave the system vulnerable to attack and operational risks such as: (1) inside hacking, where unauthorized changes of personal information may happen from the inside system; (2) fake digital identities creation or (3) sale of personal identity‟s data to third interested parties. An answer to address the above-mentioned drawbacks is a decentralized identity management system, which calls for a user-centered strategy and returns complete identification control to the individual. Blockchain technology has the potential to revolutionize modern civilizations and their applications. Administrative processes, security, privacy, integrity and confidentiality are some actions that could have an impact. Furthermore, we present an analysis of previous work on blockchain-based identity management and provide a proposal use case applicable in Albania compared to actual implementation.