Paper deals with general overview of the electric vehicles on-board chargers, available in operation – both for new such vehicles and for those that have been obsolete, but are still moving on the roads in our country and around the world. Studies have been conducted and useful information on battery-powered electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles has been systematized. All this is done in connection with the ubiquitous decisive steps for large-scale and global introduction of electric vehicles, such as appropriate choice and necessity and the related topics for drastic change of the car fleet, which will cover firstly urban vehicles, the energy balances of power grids of the individual countries with a careful analysis of the expected load for normal operation, the environmental benefits, the energy efficiency and economic benefits from the use of electric vehicles and their technical improvement in the long run. In addition, under good management, the development of electric mobility can be one of the ways for achievment of employment and industrial growth.
Trans Motauto World
Vol. 5 (2020), Issue 4
Table of Contents
TRANSPORT TECHNICS. INVESTIGATION OF ELEMENTS. RELIABILITY
This paper considers various examples of lateral tilting of road vehicles when cornering. Narrow tilting three wheeled vehicles are considered. Four wheeled tilting small road vehicles, passenger cars with active anti-roll bars and cars with active tilting when moving in a turn are presented. The advantages and disadvantages are discussed
Some requirements to the mechanisms of handling machines for dangerous goods and solutions for their satisfactionpg(s) 121-124
The article reviews the requirements for the lifting mechanisms of cranes according to various regulations concerning dangerous goods. Particular attention is paid to these requirements regarding gear trains. Some design solutions for providing microspeed as well as for twin-motor drive are discussed. These arrangements are suitable for both lifting and travel mechanisms. A kinematic analysis was made and recommendations were given to the designers.
In addition to the universal requirements for handling (lifting and transport) machines (HM), HM for dangerous goods (hot molten metal, containers with chemicals, explosives, etc.) must also meet a number of special requirements. One of these requirements is the drive of the hoisting mechanism with two motors, to ensure in case one of them fails.
The article discusses a reducer for the hoisting mechanism of an overhead crane for dangerous goods with an embedded planetary gear train, allowing both motors to operate at full power (and without overload) in both regular and emergency (in failure) mode. The different modes of work of the mechanism are considered (with both motors and with each one separately). An analysis of the possible kinematic schemes of the planetary gear train is made. The necessary kinematic calculations have been made to select the most suitable variant of the planetary gear train.
TRANSPORT. SAFETY AND ECOLOGY. LOGISTICS AND MANAGEMENT
Inefficient energy utilization is intolerable amongst ship operators and regulatory authorities, especially in the current era. When the condition of a ship’s hull and or propeller-s degrades, to maintain speed, there is a need for more power thus more fuel. A byproduct of the increased fuel consumption is increased Green House Gas emissions that are strictly regulated by international authorities. In the present paper Ship Performance Monitor (SPM), monitoring software used to test hypotheses about ISO 19030 application to the industry.
The article deals with the problem of wear of the train wheel crest and the conditions that affect the process of deformation of the material of the wheelset parts. Factors affecting wear are considered. It is shown that the resource of ridges depends on the nature and speed of chemical and physical processes. It was noted that in the center of destruction of the ridge, an increased content of carbon, oxygen and silicon was detected. It is established that the main way to reduce wear is to lubricate the comb in order to reduce the coefficient of friction.
Handling with municipal solid waste nowadays is becoming a global challenge. Albania is facing equally this issue. Although, in recent years a considerable progress has been achieved, still the country is lagging behind the EU states. In generally, the overall progress is slow and the requirements set by the policy and legal framework are not met. However, in recent years in Albania there are some developments related to solve the waste treatment dilemma. Thus, the government chose the public-private partnership model to operate in this field. Therefore currently in Albania are proposed three waste firing plants, placed in Elbasan and Tirana, central Albania and Fier,
southwest of the country. The Elbasan waste to energy plant is in operation since June 2017. Another plant in Fier is projected to start operation soon. This article aims to optimize a 5.5 MWe waste to energy plant in the Albanian conditions. Parametric design of thermodynamic properties of the WtE plant based Rankine cycle model are presented in this study. Optimization of plant efficiency in relation to extraction pressure and feed-water temperature is some of the outputs of this study.
In this paper, the impact of wind forces on human bodies is shown. Like many meteorological phenomena, the influence of wind energy applied to human bodies is inevitable which comes into the spotlight of the scientist only when the wind becomes violent and extremely disturbing. Based on weather and observations in February 2019, abnormal wind characteristics in Albania are evidenced. On February 23, 2019, a very special situation in the Northern part of Albania, the region of Puka, with extreme values of wind parameters causing the phenomenon of “wind gust”, leading to a series of material damage and loss of human life, is evidenced. Researchers and predictors need scientific information on the impact of strong winds applied on the human body for specific conditions. Wind speed values in this region of the northern part of our country set records reaching extremely values (30 ÷ 35) ms-1 on the ground level. Taking a cue from this unprecedented situation, the effect of strong winds on the determination of aerodynamic forces acting on the human body using numerical simulations has been studied and so far, well investigated. For this study, we considered a human body with a height of 172cm. The investigation takes into account two different positions against the wind, frontal and lateral position traversed by wind speeds levels of 20m/s, 30m/s, and 40 m/s. The study concluded that strong winds can exhibit unimaginable and unaffordable forces, leading to fatal consequences for human life.
VEHICLE ENGINES. APPLICATION OF FUELS TYPES. EFFICIENCY
This paper present energy and exergy evaluation of CO2 closed-cycle gas turbine process. The most important operating parameters of the whole observed cycle, as well as of each of its constituent components are presented and discussed. In the observed process, produced useful mechanical power for the power consumer drive is equal to 5189.78 kW, while the energy efficiency of the whole cycle is equal to 36.6%. Heat Regenerator is a crucial component of the observed process – without its operation energy efficiency of the whole cycle will be equal to only 16.91%. From the exergy aspect, Turbocompressor (TC) and Turbine (TU) shows good performances because its exergy efficiencies are higher than 90%. Regenerator exergy efficiency could be increased by lowering the temperature of the ambient in which analyzed CO2 closed-cycle gas turbine operates.